The biggest demonstration yet against American involvement in the Vietnam War has taken place in the town of Oakland, in California. Click images on the sidebar to explore Vietnam-era draft resistance photographs and documents, or scroll down to read a short history of the movement both regionally and nationally. Home Connections Facts Works Cited Connections to the Draft. : A number of young American in this country who oppose the Vietnam war went along to the American Embassy in Grosvernor Square, London, today, to hand in their draft cards during a protest demonstrations. One of our teacher colleagues, Kipp Dawson, was an organizer of the march and on the stage shown in the third photo. They brought back many memories of the anti-war mobilization on April 15, 1967, where I was helping to greet speakers and arrange the stage. In the book "In the Lake of The Woods" by Tim O'Brien, there is no example or portrayal of the Vietnam War's Draft, therefore it can not be interpreted as accurate nor inaccurate. Other articles where Military Selective Service Act is discussed: Selective Service Acts: The resulting legislation, the Military Selective Service Act of 1967, rationalized the deferment system, but it did little to stifle public resistance to the draft. It was an unprecedented display of public opposition to the war in Vietnam and to the draft itself. The Vietnam Draft lottery (1969) was the first Draft Lottery since 1942. Source: Harvey Richards Media Archive. Click to find out. Close. Congress institutes a lottery system and millions of young men are suddenly at risk for being called for action. PO Box 73038 Washington, D.C. 20056 1967. Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz identified the Selective Service as an “incomparable asset” in locating men who could benefit from government aid. During WWII, the Selective Service System conducted six draft registrations; these records are held collectively in two groupings at the National Archives - St. Louis. 84 min. : A number of young American in this country who oppose the Vietnam war went along to the American Embassy in Grosvernor Square, London, today, to hand in their draft cards during a protest demonstrations. Hershey believed that all able-bodied American men had the obligation to serve the nation, but he began to advocate a definition of service that included civilian pursuits, particularly in science, mathematics and engineering. On October 20, 1977 after reading Gloria Emerson’s book “Winners and Losers”, I returned to the US with my attorney, the former United States Attorney General Ramsey Clark, the same man I had returned my draft card to in 1967. 17 of 24 Police are arresting anti-war demonstrators who are blocking access to the Oakland Induction Center, October 18, 1967 Draft and Vietnam War protesters Phot ran 10/19/1967, p. … This drawing determined the order of induction for men born between January 1, 1944 and December 31, 1950. 3., überarbeitete Auflage. A lottery drawing – the first since 1942 – was held on December 1, 1969, at Selective Service National Headquarters in Washington, D.C. The remaining variables give the draft lottery numbers assigned to the birthdays: 1. By November 1967, the number of American troops in Vietnam was approaching 500,000, and U.S. casualties had reached 15,058 killed and 109,527 wounded. Anti-War Paper Offers Ways to Resist Draft, 1967. Deferments are a necessary element of any system of selective military service. Ali managed to … Arriving at Kezar, the protesters filled up the entire Stadium. Read her memories of that day below. The day of Ali’s conviction the U.S. Congress voted 337-29 to extend the draft four more years. Virtually all American men underwent a pre-induction exam. 2003, updated in 2017. Medical deferments, for example, were harder for poorer men to obtain. With South Vietnam’s forces assigned primarily to occupation, pacification, and security duties, massive U.S. combat sweeps moved to locate and destroy the enemy. The deferment policies that created such havoc during the Vietnam War were the direct outgrowth of Washington’s desire to fight Communism at home as well as abroad. Women burning the draft cards of their husbands and sons during an anti-war protest in 1968. Thank you for sending the collection of photos by Harvey Richards. To celebrate Ken Burns' 2017 documentary, "The Vietnam War," PBS and USAToday created a Vietnam War Draft Lottery calculator. Working-class men, of course, were not “suckers.” Rather, Great Society policies meant to strengthen the economy by alleviating poverty ended up targeting them for military service. N69gives the results of the lottery held on December 1, 1969, for men born from 1944 through 1950. Teaching Activity. Close. An estimated 4,000 people poured onto the streets to demonstrate in a fifth day of massive protests against the conscription of soldiers to serve in the war. Weitere Militärcoups folgten; bis Ende 1967 kam es in Südvietnam zu keiner stabilen Regierung mehr. I am very close to an uncle in my family who served (reluctantly) in Vietnam. Teaching Activity. January 23, 1967 - Senator J. William Fulbright publishes The Arrogance of Power a book critical of American war policy in Vietnam advocating direct peace talks between the South Vietnamese government and the Viet Cong. And it was the beginning of an upsurge of rebellion and resistance by the GI’s themselves who provided leadership for the peace movement from then on. Both of them were lower middle class at the time and from very small towns in the midwest (Missouri and Ohio). 4 September An AH-1 Cobra piloted by General George Seneff made the type's first combat kill, sinking a … About a dozen youthful demonstrators picketed outside, denouncing the draft, the lottery and the Vietnam war, but they failed to interfere with the smooth precision of the drawing. Vietnam Draft Lottery Data Description. By David Zeiger. Kipp Dawson, Pittsburgh middle school teacher and lifelong social justice activist, wrote to tell us. Although the Selective Service called relatively few men between the end of the Korean War in 1953 and American escalation in Southeast Asia in 1965, the draft had been in almost continuous operation since before the United States joined World War II. My sister youth activist Tracy Sims and I (and my mom Ann Dawson) are mentioned here along with lots of others, including many arrested in the San Francisco civil rights demonstrations, naming us as children of Communists (which some of us were). Vietnam 1967-68: U.S. Marine Versus NVA Soldier (Osprey, 80 pp., $18.95, paper; $15, .95 e book) is an excellent book for readers unfamiliar with the Vietnam War. One of the biggest initiatives occurred during the summer of 1967, commonly known as Vietnam Summer. The march turned up Fulton Street and continued to Kezar Stadium in Golden Gate Park. In Hershey’s view, the Selective Service was the “storekeeper” of America’s manpower supply. On April 15, 1967, amidst growing opposition to the U.S. war in Vietnam, large-scale anti-war protests were held in New York, San Francisco, and many other cities. 1969 Draft Lottery during the Vietnam War Vietnam draft lottery focused on 19 year old men December 1, 1969 was the first draft lottery held since 1942, during World War II. (See photos below and more here.). Mar 28, 2016 - Explore Debbi Miller's board "Vietnam War Draft" on Pinterest. Passing out leaflets at the doors of Induction Centers was a common tactic used by anti-Vietnam War protestors. The table below the lottery numbers, by birth date, for the US Selective Service lotteries held from 1969 to 1972 (during the Vietnam war). This “graphic novel” from the 1960s was written to provide a critical analysis of the Vietnam War in an easy to read format. Lower numbers were called first. By Craig Gordon, Urban Dreams, and the Martin Luther King Jr. Papers Project. 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