With heavier guns the range was 0.62, In 1820s and 1830s the French experimented with, In the canonical Baltic War, the USE army had Requa-style volley guns. (Simmons 63). It was produced by the Carron ironworks and was at first sold as a system with the gun, mounting, and shot all together. Cannon Count Cannon Size Carronade Size Gun Deck 26 18pd 32pd Weather Deck 12 12pd 24pd Bow Chasers 2 6pd 24pd Repairs. In 1879, one of the guns of the HMS Thunderer misfired; the misfire was undetected and the gun was reloaded, making it inadvertently double-shotted. (Ruffert). (Lavery 121). It was produced by the Carron ironworks and at first sold as a system with the gun, mounting and shot all together. In 1738, the 70-gun, Other published estimates include one round every 3. Nonetheless, the specialized warship of the seventeenth century not only carried more guns, but often heavier ones. In 1612, British warships were divided according to tonnage into ship royal (800 –1200 tons), middling ships (600 –800), small ships (250 –600), and pinnaces (80 –250). Hollow casting. (Bruff 303). Big guns have greater range, but small guns have a higher rate of fire. The 1855 Griffen "Ordnance Rifle," a 10-pounder cannon with a 3 inch rifled bore, was built up by welding wrought iron bands together around a mandrel, boring, and rifling. Carronade are what we will deal with in discussing the broadside action. The theory was that with steam propulsion, they weren't subject to the vagaries of the wind, and therefore could maneuver as needed to bring the guns to bear. The, Guns were sometimes shortened to save weight, to trade weight for the ability to fire heavier shot, or some combination of the two (as in the famous carronade, for which gun weight was 50. The principal battleship was the third rate, especially the Napoleonic "74." They were reclassified (for wage purposes) into six rates, according to crew size, in 1626: 1st (>300), 2nd (250 –300), 3rd (160 –200), 4th (100 –120), 5th (60 –70), and 6th (40 –50) (threedecks.org), and yes, I know there are gaps. Table 1-2: Guns Used in Early 17th Century British Navy. (Flint, Weber, 1633, Chap. Another problem was intrinsic to the vertical casting method; since the bottom (breech) was under greater pressure than the top, and also better insulated, it would have been the last to solidify, and therefore tin would have migrated downward. (Dahlgren 24). For example, a 32-pound carronade weighed about the same as a regular nine-pound gun and so could be mounted on the weather deck of a ship rather than much lower in the hull. An armed merchantman might carry twelve-pounders, but 24-pounders and up were "exclusively warship armament." (ageofsail.net). Wrought iron's advantage was that it was four times stronger than cast iron, and thus able to help resist the higher internal stresses (the result of the reduced windage) of a rifled gun. Carrinades for pve , more damage more xp , Anyone who has not tryed them in awile should give them a try , 2 straight buffs to them. These were hollow cast, with a trick; the core was itself hollow, in fact, two concentric tubes, and was cooled with pumped water while the molten iron was poured in around it. (Although the British navy still had some bronze mortars in the 1860s.) 5). Early in the new time line, Ollie Reardon manufactures new three-pounder cannon for Gustav Adolf. (Hill 55). Meds are bad at long range.. Privateers were fast, and had large crews, but they too were lightly built, intended to prey on the defenseless. (Tanner 233ff). The inner tube was placed breech end down in a cold pit, supported by a short mandrel. (Creuze 15). There's some data on crew size in Table 2A. The mid-nineteenth-century introduction of iron and steel construction allowed warships to be lengthened, and thus history has some examples of some long "broadside ironclads." But when fired, gas could escape around the shot and out the muzzle, and it was also difficult to keep the projectile centered as it moved down bore. When turrets were equipped with steam power for traversing the gun, thought was given to whether this same power could expedite the loading process. In 1716, the British adopted the rule that the bore diameter should be 21/20th the shot diameter; a 24-pound shot had a shot diameter of 5.547 inches, windage of 0.277 inches, and was fired from a gun of 5.823 inches caliber (Douglas 71). (Toll 7). Early in the new time line, Ollie Reardon manufactures new three-pounder cannon for Gustav Adolf. 45, Johann Maritz developed a new fabrication method. 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