Since then, 379 names have been added, for a total of 58,318 (as of Memorial Day 2017). The Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. has the names listed in chronological order by date of loss. The names are arranged in the order in which they were taken from us by date and within each date the names … If you require assistance, contact a park ranger or volunteer at the memorial. Fully 50 percent were in the 17- to 24-year age group, and astonishingly, there were 764 Army officer casualties who were 21 or younger. Vietnam War casualties from Massachusetts Click or Tap on name to find a personal memorial page of a casualty from this state. The training for American officers is thought by most foreign military authorities to be the best in the world. But given the draft policies, the hard-sell recruitment, the severe escalation from month to month and the refusal by President Lyndon Johnson to call up the older reserves and National Guard, it could not have been otherwise. The wall construction generally follows the techniques that John Devitt used in building the Moving Wall™. In this manner, the memorial evokes a theme of closure or completion; the first are with the last. The major service academies and other military colleges provided close to 900 of the Vietnam officer casualties: the U.S. Military Academy, 278; the U.S. Air Force Academy, 205; the U.S. The names are arranged first by date, and then alphabetically. What happens to items left at the memorial? Many others joined the reserves or National Guard, which were not mobilized in any appreciable numbers during the war. Who were they? In this study we will refer to casualties as the 58,152 who died in Vietnam, but it should be emphasized that there were 153,303 who were wounded seriously enough to be hospitalized. The draftee, if found physically and mentally fit, would be inducted for a period of two years, to be followed by another two year period in the active reserves and a subsequent two years in the inactive reserves. When the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated, it originally had 57,939 names inscribed on it. The officer corps’ casualties alone would satisfy that judgment, but that is not the same as being representative. Since then, 379 names have been added, for a total of 58,318 (as of Memorial Day 2017). There was no need to embellish. The third garden on the Museum site is the Vietnam Memorial Garden. As part of the wall’s 30th anniversary … They were at their peak physically. Mayor of Berlin and Chancellor of West Germany. The names are listed in chronological order by date of their casualty and begin and end at the origin point, or center, of the memorial where the two walls meet. There are over 58,000 names of men and women who died in action in Vietnam etched deeply into the dark, polished, mirror-like surface of that monument that is simply known as “The Wall” to Vietnam veterans. The names would become the memorial. Protestants were 64.4 percent (37,483), Catholics were 28.9 percent (16,806). However, if officer casualties are added to the total, then this overrepresentation is reduced to 12.5 percent of all casualties. The Channeling Memo of July 1965, instructed all local draft boards to give status deferments to college undergraduate and post-graduate students. Electronic registries available online or accessible by park staff in the information kiosk at the memorial allow users to search by several data including first name, last name, branch of service, rank, date of birth, date of casualty, state and/or city where they enlisted. HistoryNet.com contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines. While the collection is not open to the public, Items Left at The Wall is a virtual collection of nearly 500 items left at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial that can be seen at www.vvmf.org/items. A new Department of Defense (DOD) database computer tape released through the National Archives allows researchers to take a much closer look at our 58,152 Vietnam casualties. This number of deaths per 100,000 compared strikingly with the 23.5 in the Northeast region, 29.9 in the West and 28.4 in the North Central (Midwest) region. Officer casualties in Vietnam, including warrant officers, numbered 7,874, or 13.5 percent of all casualties. The Marine Corps lost 14,836, or 5 percent of its own men. Find a Name Search the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund's database of names on the wall. Only the Navy, with 50 percent of its enlisted casualties over 21, and the Air Force, with 75 percent over 21, showed an older, more experienced age demographic. The article was originally published in the June 1993 issue of Vietnam Magazine and updated in November 2004. Brad Pitt, actor (12 Monkeys, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button). Early in the war (1965 and 1966) when blacks made up about 11 percent of our Vietnam force, black casualties soared to more than 20 percent of the total. As Maya Ling Lin, the architect of the Wall, has said: It was as if the black-brown earth were polished and made into an interface between the sunny world and the quiet dark world beyond that we cannot enter. The 58,152 names of those who died in Vietnam are etched onto the two rising black marble slabs of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. Many of them, as experienced pilots, were older (two thirds were thirty or older) and many were high ranking. This was a reflection of the role of warrant officers as helicopter pilots (of the 1,277 warrant officer casualties, 95 percent were Army helicopter pilots), and of the young lieutenants and captains as combat platoon leaders or company commanders. Indeed, officer casualties of all branches were overwhelmingly white. The memorial is maintained by the U.S. National Park Service, and receives around 3 million visitors each year. The DOD database shows that of the 2,100,000 men and women who served in Vietnam, 58,152 were killed. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a 2-acre (8,000 m ) U.S. national memorial in Washington, D.C. The figures show that on average 65 percent of white enlisted men and 60 percent of black enlisted men were high school graduates. Please search below to obtain information about the 5,673 names of California Veterans engraved on the California Vietnam Memorial in Sacramento. Most of the young American enlisted men who served in Vietnam were not college prospects at the time they entered the service. This came at a time when blacks made up 11 percent of the male population nationwide. Just as the Vietnam War had divided the country, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial garnered many outspoken opinions of both praise and antipathy. They came largely from California and Texas, with lesser numbers from Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Florida, New York and a few from many other states across the country. Some recent studies tend to refute what had been the perceived wisdom of social scientists and other commentators that our Vietnam dead came overwhelmingly from the poor communities. The first names appear at the center of the wall at the top of panel 1E. In many of these families it was considered unpatriotic and indeed reprehensible to avoid active duty by requesting a status deferment or seeking out a draft counselor for advice on how to avoid the draft. The burden of combat fell on the very available non-college-bound young. These changes will bring the total number of names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial to 58,282 men and … Adding to the problem was Project 100,000. There are veterans still eligible to have their names inscribed with their fellow honored dead. The Vietnam War was no different. Since the days of Alexander the Great and the Roman Legions, it has always been the young, inexperienced, low-ranking enlisted man who has taken the brunt of combat casualties. This amounted to 4.1 percent of all enlisted casualties in Vietnam. Early on President Johnson, his advisers and especially the Congress, realized that if the draft was to be truly equitable and had included combat assignments in Vietnam for the sons of the educationally advantaged and influential Americans from the professional and managerial classes, then the resulting uproar would have shut down the war. For row number, count down from the highest row on the panel. What will be the evolving historical judgment for those names on the Wall? It honors service members of the U.S. armed forces who fought in the Vietnam War, service members who died in service in Vietnam/South East Asia, and those service members who were unaccounted for during the war. Panel numbers are engraved in the memorial at the bottom of each panel. Their sacrifices were honored July 8, 2009, in Washington during a ceremony commemorating the 50th anniversary of their deaths. And, as in every American war, it is the very young who are the most willing to volunteer. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall USA website is dedicated to honoring those who died in the Vietnam War. World War II had been, for the most part, a perfect war, clear of purpose, the forces of democracy and freedom lined up against the forces of fascism and tyranny. It may come as a surprise to some that 63.3 percent of all Vietnam enlisted casualties were not draftees but volunteers. All of this was one of the great and abiding agonies of the Vietnam War, causing repercussions within families and on the national political scene to this day. All classes were drafted or volunteered and all served and died equally, although it must be noted that most blacks died separately. There were 57,939 names original names etched into the Vietnam Veterans Memorial wall. Only 10 percent of enlisted men had even some college to their credit and only 1 percent were college graduates. And more’s the pity, because many of them were trying to escape this background and didn’t make it. Of course, the Marine, Navy, and Air Force enlisted casualties were all volunteers, but as it turned out, almost 50 percent of Army enlisted casualties were also volunteers. At the 1982 dedication of that monument, their names … The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated on November 10, 1982, with 57,939 names. The panels are filled like pages of a journal listing the men and women's names as they fell. Almost 50 percent were majors, lieutenant-colonels, colonels and three were generals. Black leaders, including Martin Luther King Jr., protested, and President Johnson ordered black participation in combat units cut back. Vietnam Veterans Memorial How many names are on the wall? Of the 7,262 blacks who died, 6,955, or 96 percent, were Army and Marine enlisted men. If the two branches are combined, then 80 percent of the Army and Marine enlisted casualties were privates or corporals, grades E-1 to E-4. Since its adoption in 1951, at the time of the Korean War, this policy had been renewed by Congress every four years. There were 667; How many Andersons?, 178; Garcias?, 102; Murphys?, 82; Jenkins?, 66; One wants to know more about these Americans. The widely held notion that the poor served and died in Vietnam while the rich stayed home is way off the mark. Often that advice, especially for professional athletes, rock stars, sons of politicians and other celebrities, was to join the never-to-be-called-up reserves or National Guard. The memorial, commonly called "The Wall," lists the names of more than 58,270 servicemen who died or were declared missing or … The Army as a branch had 134,982 killed or wounded (9.5 percent), but the Marines suffered 66,227 killed or wounded (22.5 percent) or almost one of every four Marines who served. They refer to older or younger siblings who are either in or on their way to college. The very young were considered by many to be preferred combat material. There is some truth to this, but it is instructive to look at what the DOD database reveals in terms of race, ethnicity, national origin, religious preference and casualties by U.S. geographic areas. And they often show a heartbreakingly wry sense of humor with the same sensibilities as their college-bound peers. Congress and the Johnson administration, therefore, sought to protect our college-bound and educated young men. Of 2,590 total Air Force casualties, 1,674 or 65 percent were officers. Of the 8000 Coast guardsmen who served in Vietnam, 3 officers and 4 enlisted men were killed and 59 were wounded. From 1964 to 1973, 2,100,000 men and women served in Vietnam, but this was only 8 percent of the 26,000,000 Americans who were eligible for military service. The Navy had a similar profile: 55 percent of its 622 officer casualties were 30 years of age or older, and 45 percent were ranked at lieutenant commander or above when they died. The Wall USA is a non-profit endeavor maintained by veterans of the 4th Battalion 9th Infantry Regiment for the benefit of all. It is forgotten now, but in the beginning Congress and most of the American people were behind our containment effort in Vietnam. The Marine Corps losses were skewed even more to the lower ranks, 91 percent were privates or corporals. Additionally, many of the names on the wall were other teenagers from the suburban white collar communities with siblings who were in, or would go on to college, but who, as individuals themselves, were slow to mature, struggled through high school and were therefore very available for the Vietnam War. Eight women were killed in Vietnam, five Army lieutenants, one Army captain, one Army lieutenant colonel and one Air Force captain. Those who could have qualified for college probably did not have the funds or motivation. In a massive sampling of the database, it was established that between 5 and 6 percent of Vietnam dead had identifiable Hispanic surnames. Others, later in the war, were simply ineligible because of high lottery number. This, they felt, would offer these men the opportunity to get remedial training in the service and then be able to compete successfully when they returned to civilian life. There still are 338 photos missing. The DOD percentages reveal that nearly 75 percent of Army enlisted casualties were privates or corporals. Source: YouTube/Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund 58,000 names are listed on The Wall, dedicated to those who dies while serving in Vietnam. The names are arranged chronologically by date of casualty. Steven Spielberg, film director (E.T., Jurassic Park, and Schindler's List). They also died quickly, many within a few weeks or months of arriving in Vietnam. These files are lists of the names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, listed in chronological order of the casualty date and then alphabetical by last name within a given date. These were Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban and other Latino-Americans with ancestries based in Central and South America. ARMY AND MARINE OFFICER CASUALTIES BY RANK AND AGE. But after World War II a kind of educational apartheid had settled over the United States. As a region, the South experienced the greatest numbers of dead, nearly 34 percent of the total, or 31.0 deaths per 100,000 of population. As one walks the Wall slowly, examining the ineffably American names, one is struck by the same recurring surnames. The DOD database provides no civilian or military educational levels for the Vietnam casualties specifically, but it does give us general levels for all enlisted men across all the services during the Vietnam era. True enough, but many of the surviving Vietnam casualty families would reply that the ultimate unfairness is death at an early age, in a land far from home, for reasons not clearly defined. HistoryNet.com is brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. The DOD database listed precise religious preferences for the 58,152 Vietnam casualties. The chevron shape of the memorial lines up in a way that one arm points to the Washington Monument and the other to the Lincoln Memorial, with names rising up around you as you walk through. This is close to, but not exactly in the same order as the names on the Wall. The slabs meet at a vertex of 125 degrees, 10 feet above ground level to form the Wall. They often reveal a typically warm American family atmosphere. 900 Ohio Drive SW Registry entries include a panel number and row number that correspond to its location in the memorial (see graphic above). is listed by the U.S. Department of Defense as having a casualty date of June 8, 1956. Interesting Vietnam Veterans Statistics. A reader sent to TWS Fact Check this Memorial Day weekend an internet meme claiming that of the more than 58,000 fallen service members commemorated on … The names of those who gave their lives and of those who remain missing are inscribed in the order they were taken from us. The 1970 census which is being used as our Vietnam era population base did not list an Hispanic count but gave an estimate of 4.5 percent of the American population. They drew on every segment of American society. You may enter information into any or all of the boxes below. Where previously a high school diploma had been an acceptable goal, now it was college and all the benefits it would bring. As a result, it was mainly the families of Navy and Air Force pilots and crewmen who suffered the great agony of the POW (prisoner of war) and MIA (missing in action) experience that came out of the Vietnam War. Katie Holmes, actress (Dawson's Creek TV series, Batman Begins). A relatively small number refused to register for the draft at all. As one stands before the Wall one feels that no other judgment is acceptable to their living memory. With the addition of six names added in 2010 the total is now 58,272 names listed on the Memorial. Lower end category IVs consisting of those who scored below 20 on the AFQT were usually rejected for service. Of the 7,877 officer casualties, 7,595, or 96.4 percent, were white; 147, or 1.8 percent, were black; 24, or 0.3 percent, were Asian; 7, or .08 percent, were Native American; 104, or 1.3 percent, were unidentified by race. Thus, there were 211,455 killed and wounded, or one in every 10 Americans who served in Vietnam. An estimated 11,000 women served in Vietnam. Thus we can see that the channeling philosophy continued within the armed forces. Despite their inexperience, they were thought to accept discipline readily. Sad to say, many of these recruitment promises were fudged in one way or another, and many of these young men found themselves shipped directly to Vietnam after basic training. Willy Brandt, German political leader. ), EDUCATIONAL LEVELS OF ENLISTED CASUALTIES. The Air Force lost 2,580 or l percent. There is no question that all segments of American society were represented. Although it is a truism that the young die in war, one is still unprepared for the fact that 40 percent of Marine enlisted casualties in Vietnam were teenagers; that more than 16 percent of Army enlisted casualties were also teenagers; and that nearly a quarter of all enlisted casualties in Vietnam were between the ages of 17- and 19-years old. Having the names begin and end at the center is meant to form a circle – a completion to the war. Many of the surviving parents are now deceased. Inscription at the beginning of The Wall. Although valuable, this study was almost certainly misinterpreted by its authors when they said that their data showed that most privileged and influential segments of American society were not insulated from the perils of Vietnam conflict. Their sons, if not college material, made up a significant part of the volunteers and draftees. Ty (Tyrus Raymond) Cobb, American baseball player, first man to be elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame. The young enlisted volunteer or draftee had not had much time to form any complicated theories about our Vietnam commitment. Through the AFQT process, the men scoring in the higher categories were more likely to be channeled into further specialized training and eventually assigned to technical and administrative units. …’In honor of the men and women of the Armed Forces of the United States who served in the Vietnam War. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall lists the names of those killed and missing in action in chronological order according to the date of casualty. The article was written by Bill Abbott, an independent researcher and writer. The names of Army Master Sergeant Chester Ovnand and Major Dale Buis are inscribed on Panel 1E of the Vietnam War Memorial Wall. The popularity of the GI Bill after Vietnam emphasized this yearning. The same profile holds true for the Marine Corps, where 87 percent of all officer casualties (821 of 938) were warrant officers, lieutenants or captains. The names are listed chronologically by date of death, the first to last. They were struggling through or dropping out of high school, or if a high school graduate, had tested poorly for college entrance. In terms of national origin/ancestries, an extensive sampling of the data-base reveals that Americans of French Canadian, Polish, Italian and other Southern and Eastern European surnames made up about 10 percent of the Vietnam casualties. When the Wall was dedicated in 1982, there were 57,939 names inscribed. There are 58,267 names now listed on that polished black wall, including those added in 2010. But in 1966, President Johnson and Secretary of Defense McNamara decided to institute Project 100,000 that would allow category IV men to enter the military. The Selective Service System it said, has the responsibility to deliver manpower to the armed forces in such a manner as to reduce to a minimum any adverse effect upon the national health, safety, interest and progress. Thus it is safe to say that Hispanic-Americans were over-represented among Vietnam casualties — an estimated 5.5 percent of the dead against 4.5 percent of the 1970 population. The Department of Defense decides whose name gets to go on The Wall, but those inscribed typically… It called for the registration of all 18 to 26-year old males, with induction to take place at 18 1/2 if so ordered by the local draft board. Approximately 1200 of these are listed as missing (MIA's, POW's, and others). The Navy fatalities were 2,556 or 2 percent. The makeup of U.S. combat forces in Vietnam has long been the subject of controversy among social scientists. Cases, carry the burdens of wife or children the American people were our! 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