Perseus was the son of Danaë, daughter of King Acrisius. It spans more than 100,000 light years. The primary component passes in front of the companion and the combined magnitude of the system drops by 0.55. Perseus is a very old fall/winter constellation. The Little Dumbbell Nebula is 2.7 x 1.8 arc minutes in size. Ancient Corinthian vase depicting Perseus, Andromeda and Ketos (Cetus), photo: BishkekRocks. Myth of Perseus Perseus was son of the Argive princess Danae, who was locked in a bronze chamber by her father Akrisios because there was a prophecy that one day her son would kill him.One day though the god Zues broke into the Prison in the guise of a golden shower and and made the impregnated pregnant. Later, Perseus came across the princess Andromeda, chained to a rock and left to die by her parents, King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia, to appease the sea monster Cetus. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. 1 Aurigae was the first star from the Auriga constellation that John Flamsteed entered in his catalogue of stars. In Greek myth, Perseus was the son of Danaë, daughter of King Acrisius of Argos. Now is a good time to find the constellations based on the Greek myth of Perseus. The comet was first discovered by Lewis Smith and Horace Parnell Tuttle, two American astronomers who independently observed it in July 1862. Phi Persei is also classified as a variable star. Perseus, in astronomy, northern constellation constellation, in common usage, group of stars that appear to form a configuration in the sky; properly speaking, a constellation is a definite region of the sky in which the configuration of stars is … The names of so many of the heroes and characters are known today through movies and games but the actual story about such characters are unknown. But he could not prevent his end as Zeus fell in love with Danae and came to visit her disguised as golden rain after … It contains about 400 stars and is seven light years in radius. It was one of 48 listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy and among the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). Once cursed, she had snakes for hair, which made her distinguishable from the other two Gorgons. He was the son of Zeus , the chief god. GK Persei subsequently faded to magnitude 12 or 13, but had occasional outbursts of 2 to 3 magnitudes. It is also home to the famous variable star Algol, Beta Persei. It occupies an area of 615 square degrees, and is the 24th largest constellation. The galaxy is a powerful source of radio emission and x-rays, and is believed to have a supermassive black hole at its centre. Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danae, the daughter of Acrisius of Argos. This is because the more massive star filled its Roche lobe when it became a subgiant and most of its mass was transferred to the other star. The constellation depicting Perseus lies in a prominent part of the Milky Way, which is perhaps why Aratus termed him ‘dust-stained’. The Little Dumbbell Nebula owes its name to the Dumbbell Nebula (Messier 27) in the constellation Vulpecula, which it resembles. Persée est déjà mentionné chez Homère, qui le nomme le fils de Zeus et de Danaé, sans autre précision [7].Le Catalogue des femmes ajoute que Danaé est jetée à la mer dans un coffre [8], [9], mais il faut attendre Phérécyde d'Athènes, au V e siècle av. The red filaments are composed of cool gas being suspended by a magnetic field, and are surrounded by the 100-million-degree Fahrenheit hot gas in the center of the Perseus galaxy cluster. Perseus. It is one of the most difficult objects to observe included in Messier’s catalogue. The Myth of Perseus Perseus is the son of Zeus, the king of the Greek gods, and a mortal woman. Although Perseus was placed in the sky near Andromdea, the constellation is usually depicted showing him holding Medusa's head, with the bright star Algol marking her eye. Perseus and Andromeda lie next to each other in the sky, with her parents Cepheus and Cassiopeia nearby. Another Greek myth that explains several constellations is the myth of Perseus. Perseus has an interesting history, and it was Ptolemy, the Father of eighty-eight subjects who cataloged it in the second century. There are several versions of how Acrisius and Perseus came to be in the same place at the same time, but in all of them, Acrisius is accidentally killed by a discus thrown by Perseus in funeral games. 660 BC., from Thebes, Boeotia, currently at Louvre Museum. The estimated age of the cluster is between 50 and 70 million years. Each cluster contains more than 300 supergiant stars. The primary component is a main sequence star belonging to the spectral type B0.5V, about 28,000 times more luminous than the Sun. There are some variants on the myth of Perseus. The meteor shower has been observed for some 2000 years or so, with first reports coming from the Far East. Perseus Constellation. Kappa Persei is a triple star system about 112 light years away in the direction of Perseus constellation. Perseus was a hero in ancient Greek mythology . Alpha Persei Cluster (Melotte 20, Collinder 39). Nova Persei 1901, also known as GK Persei, was a bright nova that occurred in 1901. Perseus was a Greek mythological hero whose adventures provide the background stories of other constellations. Ancient Arabian people thought it was spooky, and called the star Algol, the "demon star" (Algol is Beta Persei, and is the most famous of the eclipsing variables). Perseus has two Messier objects- Messier 76 (m76, Little Dumbbell Nebula, NGC 650 and NGC 651) and Messier 34 (M34, NGC 1039) and contains six stars with confirmed planets which is something great for a constellation. It moves at the speed of 92 km/s relative to the Sun. When a prophecy revealed to Acrisius that his grandson would kill him, Acrisius imprisoned his daughter Danae to keep her chaste. PEG-us-us. NGC 1275 consists of two galaxies. It is located in a star cluster known as the Alpha Persei Cluster, which can easily be seen in binoculars. As a baby, he and his mother were put in a chest and cast into the sea by Acrisius, Danae’s father. It passed within 9.8 light years of the solar system about 7.3 million years ago and its apparent magnitude at the time was -2.5, which made it much brighter than Sirius, currently the brightest star in the sky, is today. Perseus is one of the 48 constellations described by Ptolemy in the Almagest (A.D. 140). Aided by gifts from the gods, including a shiny shield from Athena, Perseus found the location of Medusa’s lair and decapitated her with a single stroke of his sword by using the shield as a mirror to see only her reflection. There was a need to explain natural events, disasters and events in history. When the rain fell into her lap, Danaë got pregnant. Algol is a prototype for a class of stars known as Algol variables. The Perseus Cluster is a cluster of galaxies located in Perseus constellation. Andromeda’s parents also have their place in the skies, as the constellations Cepheus and … The system has a combined visual magnitude of 2.88 and is about 640 light years distant from the Sun. The constellation is best known for its annual Perseid meteor shower. Perseus is one of the 48 constellations described by Ptolemy in the Almagest (A.D. 140). MYTH . The galaxy has a delicate network of filaments surrounding it that should be destroyed by collisions with several smaller galaxies, but aren’t. The villagers were all terrified of him. Perseus. It is a rapid rotator, with an estimated rotational velocity of 390 km/s or more along the equator. Discovering the Twenty Two Lost Star Signs. Their chest came ashore on the island of Seriphos, where they were found by a fisherman named Dictys. The constellation resides in a part of the sky where much of the royal family now lives. Pegasus as depicted by Johann Bayer in his Uranometria (1603). At Perseus, an operating group of Constellation Software Inc., we see business acquisition as an investment in people and growth. Alpha Persei is a supergiant star belonging to the spectral class F5 Ib. The companion may be gravitationally bound to the main star and not just an optical double, but this has not been confirmed. 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