!طاہر شاہ کا نیا گانا”فرشتہ”میوزک انڈسٹری میں تہلکہ،کورونا کو بھی خطرہ, 7 Reasons Why Wrestlemania 32 Was The Best Of Them All, Panama Papers: 6 Things You Need to Know About the ‘Biggest Leak in History’. 5. The canal water dispute started when the Indian government, despite their claims not to interfere in the water supply, stopped the supply of the Firozpur headwork in East Punjab to the Bari Doab Canal in West Punjab. Since Pakistan and India achieved independence in 1947, Pakistan has been When, in 1947, the Dominion was created as the State organization of India's Muslims, the problems inherited were com-plex and voluminous. There are two peculiar porblems in Pakistan, decision over which, it seems is essential before ... ( the district of Assam which opted for Pakistan in 1947 ) constitutes 56 % of the population of Pakistan. This reinforced the notion within Pakistan that India was an existential threat. Here are some cruel issues Pakistan faced after Independence from India in 1947. India took full advantage and wanted to throw Pakistan into an economic crisis as most of our economy were through agriculture. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. What does the source tells us about India and Pakistan in 1947? Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. In 1947, Pakistan appeared on the world map and the founding father of the nation, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah made an independent … Since its birth, it has been frequently dared by numerous groups on the basis of nationalism, regionalism, religious principle and political system. geographical needs of the land and its people. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. Pakistan has been facing a lot of social problems since its inception in 1947. The boundary commission set up under Sir Cyril Radcliffe proved to be a treacherous one for Pakistan. The native language of the Musharraf family is Urdu. New Administration. ... which is not in continuity. Another geographical issue which is even now is as hot as it was in 1947 is the Kashmir issue. Since 1947, India and Pakistan have been locked in conflict over Kashmir, a majority-Muslim region in the northernmost part of India. With the Bengalis storming the State still their main issue being the lingual bias of Pakistan, East Pakistan was on fire most of the time. Infect most of these problems were … In August 1947, Pakistan was faced with a number of problems, some immediate but others long term. … Division of Assets. 4. The northern part of Pakistan is an area called Kashmir, which is a disputed zone and has been at the heart of the India-Pakistan conflict since 1947. Since 1947, India and Pakistan have been locked in conflict over Kashmir, a majority-Muslim region in the northernmost part of India. Since its establishment it has been enclosed by numerous internal as well as external problems. In the south is the Thar Desert and a 650-mile coast along the Arabian sea. On September 15, 1947, the Nawab acceded to Pakistan, despite the fact that his state did not fall within the geographical grouping of Pakistan. They fought three wars over it in1948, 1965, and 1999, but have not been able to resolve it. Infants killed, women raped – the streets of Punjab were full of Muslim blood and amputated limbs. Pakistan, populous and multiethnic country of South Asia. The boundary line in Jammu and Kashmir is particularly troubled. Upon arrival of the Muslim refugees in Pakistan – there was no base of accommodation for the refugees. 2. The people continued their struggle for independence and India promised to finally settle the matter with reference to the people under the UN … Upon arrival, there were no offices so interim offices were set up in barracks and public buildings just to kick things off. Also, the division of military assets was unfair and Pakistan had to go with the flow instead of waging war from the weapons that were inevitably to be Pakistan’s. In order to embarrass Pakistan financially, India held against its promise and instead of providing Pakistan with Rs.750 million, in a treacherous act again, only gave Rs.200 million. Communal Riots and Arrival of Refugees. The entire constitutional problem of Pakistan is a reflection of these differences, … And Afghanistan, with its Pashtun majority, has never accepted as the Pakistani border the Durand Line demarcated by the British, which divides the area inhabited by the Pashtun people. The creation of Pakistan started a new era of problems for Pakistan… but finally muslims were successful in getting their separate Homeland. What effects on Pakistani politics due to Bangladesh's existence? But even more has been written about the blunders committed in the prosecution of the India-Pakistan war over Kashmir in 1947-48 — notable is the reference to the United Nations by Jawaharlal Nehru at the time when India was gaining momentum in the war. (PDF) Difficulties and problems faced in establishment of Pakistan | Ahmad Iftikhar - Academia.edu Pakistan was established in 1947 and since its inception, it has been surrounded by countless issues including but not limited to ill-formed/missing infrastructure, insufficient refined resources, barren or obsolete factories and technologies, From thereon, Pakistan has come a long way. Based on Hindu and Muslim majorities three provinces namely Bengal, Assam and Punjab were divided that led to displacement of more than 14 million people paving way for an insurmountable refugee crisis, mass-scale violence, killings and disruption over religious lines. Trouble started right at the inception of Pakistan in 1947. The question assumes as if all Kashmir was part of Pakistan. Pakistan - Pakistan - History: This section presents the history of Pakistan from the partition of British India (1947) to the present. The two separate parts of Pakistan (East Bengal and West Pakistan) were separated by about a thousand miles of land that belonged to India. problems, social problems, geographical problems, accession of Princely states and division of financial and military assests. Coordinates. Again, the leadership had to resort to public buildings and barracks – refugee and aid camps were set up and sustenance was given to the refugees. Canal water and trade issues. Pakistan itself got created in 1947 where as Kashmir kingdom was being ruled by Maharaja Hari Singh. The shortage of trained human power especially senior officers was a serious problem in the setting up of federal government in Karachi. This country was made after many sacrifices of blood, sweat and tears – and it is our moral duty to pay tribute to the efforts of every single Pakistani who made this country what it is today. Geographical Problems In 1947, Pakistan finally gained its long-for independence, but it immediately faced very serious problems. To the southwest is the vast Balochistan Plateau, which is arid and sparsely populated. Lord Mountbatten’s influence and incline towards India helped as Gurdaspur, Ferozpur, Jullandar and Kashmir were sided with India – even though all these were Muslim majority areas. Geographic distribution. Since the partition of the Indian subcontinent into India and Pakistan in 1947, the Kashmir dispute has been an intractable one between them. An account of the Pakistan economy since Independence has to begin with its initial endowment and the effects of Partition. Having trouble viewing this video? Quaid-e-Azam as Governor-General chose Karachi. In his last message to the nation on 14th August, 1948 he told the nation: “The foundation of your state have been laid and it is now for you to build and build as quickly as you can”. It is spoken by almost 92% of … Agriculture accounted for almost 50% of economic output with hardly any manufacturing, as all industries were located in India. The India-Pakistan cease-fire line runs from the rocky Karakoram Pass to a point approximately 130 kilometers outside of Lahore to the northeast. Pakistan’s primary geographic challenge arises from its borders, which do not correspond to natural geographic boundaries. Massacre after massacre was the result in Punjab. Almost immediately, East Pakistan claimed that as their population (55 percent as compared to 45 percent in the West) was greater, they were in a majority. Which elevated blood test indicates the presence of inflammation in the body? The Indus River begins in the Tibetan Plateau and cuts through the country’s eastern half. 4. 1. ... despite the fact that his state did not fall within the geographical grouping of Pakistan. 2. On 14 August 1947 the Indian sub-continent was partitioned, and Pakistan was carved out of the north-western and north-eastern parts of British India. Since its birth, it has been frequently dared by numerous groups on the basis of nationalism, regionalism, religious principle and political system. ... of partition, the cash balances of undivided India stood at about Rupees 4,000 million. With the exception of few States, all others are to a greater or lesser degree, confronted with the problems arising out of the presence of heterogeneous elements within their body politic. Answer (1 of 3): The major problems which pakistan faced when it was created in 1947 were :Refugee and Accommodation crisis = there was a large amount of refugees migrating from India and Pakistan didnt have sufficient resources to establish all of them.Geographical Problems = The 2 wings of Pakistan, EAST AND WEST, were two far apart. Copyright © Stratfor Enterprises, LLC. Main topic Problems of Pakistan 1947 Sub-topic Geographical and political problems video 1 Channel saan history Video No. He is thus a Muhajir, a Pakistani who migrated or is a descendant of those who migrated from India. 1947–58 Post-partition difficulties. Although Urdu is the official language of Pakistan only a minority speak it. Some 6,000,000 Muslims migrated to Pakistan from India at the time of independence in 1947, Thats was the biggest-bloodiest migration happened. Having a predominately Indo-Iranian speaking population, Pakistan has historically and culturally been associated with its neighbours Iran, Afghanistan, and India. Choice of Capital City and Establishment of Government . PAKISTAN’s INTERNAL PROBLEMS AND THEIR REFORMATION Pakistan craved out on the map of the world on 14 th august, 1947. The modern borders of Pakistan were created in 1947, when the nation was carved out of the Muslim-majority northwest and northeast portions of India. As indicated by the titles of several recent books, it has become commonplace to argue that Pakistan is ‘in search of identity’ (Ali 2009, Jaffrelot 2002, Shaikh 2009). Where Is The Pakistani-American Doctor Who Promised To Return To ‘Naya Pakistan’? The majority of southern Pakistan's population lives along the Indus River. Economic and Political Problems in Pakistan Background to Martial Law An interpretation of Pakistan's present situation patently re- quires an understanding of the economic and political factors that preceded it. Pakistan has long sought to gain influence in Afghanistan, both to secure strategic depth and to prevent Kabul from falling into New Delhi’s orbit. Separated from each other, these two wings had 1000km wide Indian territory between them. Quaid-e-Azam as Governor-General chose Karachi. The worst and most cruel issue was the division of Punjab – as half the majority was Sikh. There are two peculiar porblems in Pakistan, decision over which, it seems is essential before ( 51 ) 52 SURINDER SINGH an agreed Constitution is evolved. Jammu and Kashmir are the Alsace and Lorraine of South Asia. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. In Kalat, especially, with the lack of space for political activity, much of the underground … 1: New Administration. However, supreme efforts were made by the Muslims who exhibited a strong stance under Quaid’s leadership. 1. The river nourishes the fertile plains of the Punjab, the country’s populous core region and its political and economic heartland. Pakistan was established in 1947 and since its inception, it has been surrounded by countless issues including but not limited to ill-formed/missing infrastructure, insufficient refined resources, barren or obsolete factories and technologies, Since Pakistan and India achieved independence in 1947, Pakistan has been Kabul claims that Afghanistan’s true boundary runs deep into Pakistan to absorb the Pashtun tribal belt divided between both countries. Independent Strategic Analysis | Objective Geopolitical Insights. Upon arrival, there were no offices so interim offices were set up in barracks and public buildings just to kick things off. Pakistan - Pakistan - History: This section presents the history of Pakistan from the partition of British India (1947) to the present. Pakistan came into being as a free Muslim state in quite unfavorable conditions. Not just the process of separating the country, the aftermath of the Independence was worse for Muslims of Pakistan, and the refugees who wanted to join Pakistan instead of India. Integration of Princely States. Pakistan faced two major geographical issues at the time of independence. PAKISTAN’s INTERNAL PROBLEMS AND THEIR REFORMATION Pakistan craved out on the map of the world on 14 th august, 1947. No. If you think Pakistan’s Independence was a piece of cake, well, you’ve got another thing coming for you. Having a predominately Indo-Iranian speaking population, Pakistan has historically and culturally been associated with its neighbours Iran, Afghanistan, and India. Democratically, the Federal Capital, therefore, should have been in Dhaka and not in Karachi. The question assumes as if all Kashmir was part of Pakistan. You could answer ‘It tells us that India and Pakistan were not getting on very well.’That would be a better answer, because you have worked … While the states’ geographical integration into Pakistan was complete, a more thorough social integration was yet to happen. The first problem Pakistan had to face was choosing an administrative Capital city to form and establish a government. Here are some cruel issues Pakistan faced after Independence from India in 1947. Communal Riots and Arrival of Refugees. They were required to accede to either of the two states on the basis of the geographical location and wishes of their people. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. Was Pakistan to be a secular state serving as a homeland for Muslims of the subcontinent, or was it to be an Islamic state governed by the sharia, in which non-Muslims would be second-class citizens? Pakistan is located in South Asia and is bordered by Iran, Afghanistan, China and India. India protested, stormed in her troops, and forcibly reversed the Nawab’s decision and Junagadh became a part of India. The mountainous terrain has made the region difficult to govern, ensuring that the border remains porous. When, in 1947, the Dominion was created as the State organization of India's Muslims, the problems inherited were com-plex and voluminous. The history of East Bengal and East Pakistan from 1947 to 1971 covers the period of Bangladesh's history between its independence as a part of Pakistan from British colonial rule in 1947 to its independence from Pakistan in 1971. Pakistan faced two major geographical issues at the time of independence. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. Pakistan had to build its administration from the start and officers were brought in specially from Delhi. It had no  resources and it had to build up administrative machinery from scratch. No. The Geography of Pakistan (Urdu: جغرافیۂ پاکِستان ‎) is a profound blend of landscapes varying from plains to deserts, forests, and plateaus ranging from the coastal areas of the Arabian Sea in the south to the mountains of the Karakoram, Hindukush, Himalayas ranges in the north. All rights reserved. At Partition in 1947 his family moved to Karachi. The creation of Pakistan started a new era of problems for Pakistan… but finally muslims were successful in getting their separate Homeland. Quaid-e-Azam told the refugees: “Pakistan has to come stay and it will stay!”. At the beginning of December 1947, India and Pakistan mutually came to an agreement that Pakistan would get Rupees 750 million as her share. The economic prospects have been diminished by the piling up of … At midnight of 14–15 August 1947, India and Pakistan emerged legally as two self-governing countries. This made them really difficult to administer as there … In 1947, Pakistan had 30 million people with per capita income of 100$. On September 15, 1947, the Nawab acceded to Pakistan, despite the fact that his state did not fall within the geographical grouping of Pakistan. Section Reference 1: The Geopolitics of Modern South Asia Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia.It is the world's fifth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212.2 million. On the west, the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan—called the Durand Line—has remained contentious since it was created by the British in 1893. Since the origin of Pakistan in 1947, the democratic state is facing and struggling for its existence and preserving its internal security on the world-level. 1. When Pakistan came into being, it was a heterogeneous inception of different languages including Urdu, Sindhi, Punjabi, Balochi and Pashto – along with Bengali. In 1947, Pakistan finally gained its long for independence, but it immediately faced very serious problems. The Indian Army on Friday “specifically targeted” a vehicle carrying two officers of the United Nations... Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Senator Faisal Javed Khan called Turkish actor Engin Altan Duzyatan “one of the... One gets to know about the importance of life when they see it slipping away in... Parhlo.com is the leading open platform that represents the voice of youth with viral stories and believes in not just promoting Pakistani talent and entertainment but in liberating Pakistani youth and giving rise to young changemakers! The Kashmir issue was a problem for Pakistan in 1947 for three reasons: 1) When the British left India in 1947, there were about 600 princely states up for grabs among Muslim and Hindu factions. The first problem Pakistan had to face was choosing an administrative Capital city to form and establish a government. 5. Post Independence Problems Pakistan was carved out in desperate urgency. The canal water dispute started when the Indian government, despite their claims not to interfere in the water supply, stopped the supply of the Firozpur headwork in East Punjab to the Bari Doab Canal in West Punjab. geographical needs of the land and its people. Although Pakistan was created to unite the Muslim population of the old British India, it did not have natural borders, such as rivers, mountains or the sea. Division of Assets. In his book ‘Pakistan in the Era of Turbulent Diplomacy’ he has described the problems of Pakistan in the present era and has also shared number of facts relating to the change of diplomacy and foreign policy in the last sixty five years of Pakistan. When Junagarh, a small area 300km away from Karachi, wanted to accede to Pakistan – the Indians waged a sharp attitude and denied accession to Junagarh and another small Princely state called Manavaders. Bengali Language Movement. For a discussion of the earlier history of the region, see India. ... On October 27, 1947 Indian troops landed in Srinagar. The first problem Pakistan had to face was choosing an administrative Capital city to form and establish a government. To empower members to confidently understand and navigate a continuously changing and complex global environment. 4. Pakistan ranking in schools? The nation of Pakistan is still young, but human history in the area reaches back for tens of thousands of years. Along with this, the Shia-Sunni sectarian violence was on the high, and NWFP was simmering for a change in ministry. You could answer ‘It tells us that they divided library books between them’ However that would not be a very good answer, because it is just describing what the source shows and would get very few marks. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and … At midnight of 14–15 August 1947, India and Pakistan emerged legally as two self-governing countries. Therefore, it was unable to feed 30 million people and was dependent on PL-480 imports from the USA. Pakistan, populous and multiethnic country of South Asia. Pakistan had to build its administration from the start and officers were brought in specially from Delhi. Quaid-e-Azam tried his best to solve these problems and get the state machinery working but due to his sudden death, he could not eradicate these problems completely. 600,000 Muslims were said to be killed in 7 days! Canal water and trade issues . Enemy forces had been chased away from the outskirts of Leh, and Kargil had been won back. 3. It has the world's second-largest Muslim population.It is the 33rd-largest country by area, spanning 881,913 square kilometres (340,509 square miles). Pakistan faced serious problems in the initial stages. The modern borders of Pakistan were created in 1947, when the nation was carved out of the Muslim-majority northwest and northeast portions of India. Environmental issues in Pakistan include air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, climate change, pesticide misuse, soil erosion, natural disasters, desertification and flooding.According to the latest global environment performance index (EPI) ranking Pakistan is in … Aamir Khan’s Daughter Reveals She Was Sexually Abused At 14 By Someone She Knew, فورس میجور قانون کے ذریے پاکستان کا قرض معاف ھو سکتا ھے, اللہ اکبر کی صدائیں، بی بی سی ریڈیو پر پہلی بار اذان جمعہ اور خطبہ نشر, ! Poonch had been secured. BATMAN ... this is my firs forum on defence issues aand at the same time i agree there are people who are lunatic on both sides i dont suppourt them so plz dont point them and generalize opininons against indians...there are sane people left in the sub … Integration of Princely States. . The most important of these concerns was the role played by Islam. With the division of Punjab in a chronic manner, the Muslim majority areas fell to India – and the electricity of West Punjab was disrupted because all the power stations were at Mundi (an Indian area) – along with that, before the Indus Water Basin Treaty,  Pakistan was buying water from India because of the way the boundaries were commissioned. Geographical problems In 1947, Pakistan finally gained its long-fought-for independence, but it immediately faced very serious problems. PARTITION PROBLEMS, 1947 Pakistan emerged on the world globe on 14th august, 1947 with much of the sacrifices and blood shed. 3. Pervez Musharraf's father was an official in the government of Pakistan from the very beginning. The Anti-State Actors could not see Pakistan prospering and Khan was shot dead. As Quaid declared Urdu as the official language, it did not go well with the Bengalis. II. 4. 3. In 1947, possessing a unique geographical location, Pakistan consisted two distant parts; the West Pakistan, in the Indus River basin and the East Pakistan (later on became Bangladesh in December 1971) located more than 1000 miles (1600 kilometers) away in the Ganges River delta. Initial Problems of Pakistan Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. ... Pakistan has a difficult problem made worse by the incompetence and venality of its politicians. All these difficulties seems to have … After Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah passed away due to his deteriorating health – all the burdens of the country fell on the shoulders of Liaquat Ali Khan – who gave us the Objective Resolution. The speed by which the partition was set up as well as the geographical ignorance of North Kashmir at that time in the middle of the last century, probably was of great importance in the conflict of Kashmir which opposed India, China and Pakistan. Based on Hindu and Muslim majorities three provinces namely Bengal, Assam and Punjab were divided that led to displacement of more than 14 million people paving way for an insurmountable refugee crisis, mass-scale violence, killings and disruption over religious lines. Initial Problems of Pakistan Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. The vast distance between them also meant that there were significant differences and outlook between the peo… In less than 30 years of independence, it’s one wing gets separated (Bangladesh). Since its establishment it has been enclosed by numerous internal as well as external problems. Learning Objective 1: 8A.5: Identify the politico-geographical problems and issues of South Asia since partition and independence in 1947, including the India-Pakistan confrontation over Kashmir, unsettled border problems with China, and the growing specter of terrorism. For a discussion of the earlier history of the region, see India. The British transferred power to the governments of India and Pakistan in 1947, but the process of national integration in both countries remains incomplete even 69 years later. Both nations claim it as their own while many of the Kashmiris continue to lobby for an independent state of their own. ... Q3 Why was the division of the armed forces and military assets a … Stratfor explains how Pakistan's borders, which do not correspond to natural geographic boundaries, shape the country. Quaid-e-Azam as Governor-General chose Karachi. The high population growth rate would be difficult to cope with even with a healthy economy. 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